Jehoshaphat

   Jehovah-judged.
   1) One of David's body-guard (1 Chr. 11:43).
   2) One of the priests who accompanied the removal of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chr. 15:24).
   3) Son of Ahilud, "recorder" or annalist under David and Solomon (2 Sam. 8:16), a state officer of high rank, chancellor or vizier of the kingdom.
   4) Solomon's purveyor in Issachar (1 Kings 4:17).
   5) The son and successor of Asa, king of Judah. After fortifying his kingdom against Israel (2 Chr. 17:1, 2), he set himself to cleanse the land of idolatry (1 Kings 22:43). In the third year of his reign he sent out priests and Levites over the land to instruct the people in the law (2 Chr. 17:7-9). He enjoyed a great measure of peace and prosperity, the blessing of God resting on the people "in their basket and their store."
   The great mistake of his reign was his entering into an alliance with Ahab, the king of Israel, which involved him in much disgrace, and brought disaster on his kingdom (1 Kings 22:1-33). Escaping from the bloody battle of Ramoth-gilead, the prophet Jehu (2 Chr. 19:1-3) reproached him for the course he had been pursuing, whereupon he entered with rigour on his former course of opposition to all idolatry, and of deepening interest in the worship of God and in the righteous government of the people (2 Chr. 19:4-11).
   Again he entered into an alliance with Ahaziah, the king of Israel, for the purpose of carrying on maritime commerce with Ophir. But the fleet that was then equipped at Ezion-gaber was speedily wrecked. A new fleet was fitted out without the co-operation of the king of Israel, and although it was successful, the trade was not prosecuted (2 Chr. 20:35-37; 1 Kings 22:48-49).
   He subsequently joined Jehoram, king of Israel, in a war against the Moabites, who were under tribute to Israel. This war was successful. The Moabites were subdued; but the dreadful act of Mesha in offering his own son a sacrifice on the walls of Kir-haresheth in the sight of the armies of Israel filled him with horror, and he withdrew and returned to his own land (2 Kings 3:4-27).
   The last most notable event of his reign was that recorded in 2 Chr. 20. The Moabites formed a great and powerful confederacy with the surrounding nations, and came against Jehoshaphat. The allied forces were encamped at Engedi. The king and his people were filled with alarm, and betook themselves to God in prayer. The king prayed in the court of the temple, "O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us." Amid the silence that followed, the voice of Jahaziel the Levite was heard announcing that on the morrow all this great host would be overthrown. So it was, for they quarrelled among themselves, and slew one another, leaving to the people of Judah only to gather the rich spoils of the slain. This was recognized as a great deliverance wrought for them by God (B.C. 890). Soon after this Jehoshaphat died, after a reign of twenty-five years, being sixty years of age, and was succeeded by his son Jehoram (1 Kings 22:50). He had this testimony, that "he sought the Lord with all his heart" (2 Chr. 22:9). The kingdom of Judah was never more prosperous than under his reign.
   6) The son of Nimshi, and father of Jehu, king of Israel (2 Kings 9:2, 14).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JEHOSHAPHAT — (Heb. יְהוֹשָׁפָט), king of Judah, son of asa and azubah , daughter of Shilhi (I Kings 22:42; II Chron. 20:31). Jehoshaphat ruled Judah for 25 years, during the second third of the ninth century B.C.E. He was a contemporary of Ahab, Ahaziah, and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jehoshaphat — • Fourth King of Juda after the schism of the Ten Tribes Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jehoshaphat — [ji häsh′ə fat΄, jihäs′ə fat΄] n. [Heb yehōshāphāt, lit., God has judged] Bible a king of Judah in the 9th cent. B.C.: 2 Chron. 17 21 …   English World dictionary

  • Jehoshaphat — See Josaphat for other meanings of the name.Jehoshaphat or Jehosaphat or Josaphat or Yehoshafat (Hebrew Name|יְהוֹשָׁפָט|Yəhošafat|Yəhôšāp̄āṭ| Jehovah is the judge ) was the successor of Asa, king of Judah. His children included Jehoram of Judah …   Wikipedia

  • Jehoshaphat — Son of Asa; he became king of Judah about 873 BCE and reigned for twenty five years (1 Kgs. 15:24; 2 Chron. 20:31) as the contemporary of Ahab of Israel (1 Kgs. 22), with whom he formed an alliance against Syria. The prophet Micaiah tried to… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Jehoshaphat — /ji hosh euh fat , hos /, n. a king of Judah, son of Asa, who reigned in the 9th century B.C. I Kings 22:41 50. * * * ▪ king of Judah also called  Josaphat,  Hebrew  Yehoshaphat,         king (c. 873–c. 849 BC) of Judah during the reigns in… …   Universalium

  • Jehoshaphat — /dʒəˈhoʊsəfæt/ (say juh hohsuhfat) noun 1. a king of Judah, son of Asa, who reigned in the 9th century BC. 1 Kings 22:41–50. –phrase 2. jumping Jehoshaphat, (an exclamation of astonishment, irritation, etc.) Also, Jehosaphat, Jehoshophat …   Australian English dictionary

  • Jehoshaphat — noun Etymology: Hebrew Yĕhōshāphāṭ Date: circa 1500 a king of Judah who brought Judah into an alliance with the northern kingdom of Israel in the ninth century B.C …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Jehoshaphat — (fl. 9th cent BCE)    King of Judah (874 850 BCE), son of Asa. He was the first king of Judah to make a treaty with Israel. He married his son Jehoram (2) to Athaliah, the daughter of King Omri of Israel (II Kings 8:26). Together with Ahab, he… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Jehoshaphat — Je•hosh•a•phat [[t]dʒɪˈhɒʃ əˌfæt, ˈhɒs [/t]] n. bib a king of Judah who reigned in the 9th century b.c. I Kings 22:41–50 …   From formal English to slang

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